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Pazzano Details  
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Historical period: 0000
Kind: Testo
Key words: Pazzano, Reggio Calabria, history

Village in the valley of Stilaro Hardly known for the presence, in the past, limonite mines (from which the iron is extracted). The village, whose history is linked to that of Stilo, Byzantine and preserves testimonies of industrial archeology


Small hilltop village in the valley of Stilaro, located between Mount and Mount Stella Consolino, Pazzano rises to 410 m. sea level. Known for the presence, in the past, rich mines from which it was extracted limonite, ore containing high amounts of iron, madness is the last city of the province of Reggio Calabria before Vibonesi Serre. Regarding the origin of the first settlement there is no definite information it is conceivable that it is constituted precisely by the presence of mines, most probably known since antiquity. The first evidence of the existence of the country is recorded in a diploma of 1094, covering precisely the mining of the territory. Main mining center of Naples (with more than 25 mines), Pazzano also hosts numerous foundries and forges, but the fall of the Bourbon dynasty, which marked the cessation of mining activity, except for a brief period, was later abandoned altogether in the years Fifty of the twentieth century. To preserve important examples of industrial archeology in the valley of Stilaro, the Acai (Associazione Calabrese Archeologia Industriale) gave birth in 1982 Ecomuseum of the Forges and foundries Calabria, whose heart is represented by the mining of madness. Nevertheless, the history of this small town in Locride not only gravitates around the mines, it is, in fact, inextricably linked also to that of style, which was part Pazzano County along with many other hamlets. Since the early Middle Ages took refuge in the valley of Stilaro many Byzantine monks and even the sanctuary of Monte Stella, located in the municipality, apparently belonging to the age of these early settlements. County style, which is to be considered among the most important Byzantine districts of Calabria, enjoyed great prosperity and a significant military and political importance around the year 1000. Pazzi was part until 1811, when it became autonomous. The village, adorned by a picturesque old town, preserves, in addition to the many examples of industrial archeology, authentic Byzantine gems, particularly the hermitage of Monte Stella, which houses one of the oldest frescoes in southern Italy (X-XI century AD )



Category: history and traditions  ->  History sites
Located in: Pazzano  89040   Pazzano(RC)    Map

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